Active And Passive Voice in Hindi : Active Voice को हिंदी में कर्तरी प्रयोग और Passive Voice को कर्मणि प्रयोग बोलते है।

जब किसे ने कोई क्रिया खुद से की है ये बताना है तो Active Voice का प्रयोग किया जाता है।  तथा किसीसे कोई क्रिया करवाई गयी है ये बताने के लिए  Passive Voice का प्रयोग करते है। 

चलिए कुछ examples के साथ इनका इस्तेमाल देखते है। 



Examples of Active and Passive Voice in Hindi

1] Active Voice : Mohan drives the car.( मोहन कार चलाता है। )
   Passive Voice : The car is driven by Mohan.(मोहन के द्वारा कार चलाई जाती है।)

2]  Active Voice : We saw a new movie.(हमने नई मूवी देखी।)
    Passive Voice : A new movie was seen by us.( हमरे द्वारा नयी मूवी देखी गयी।)

3]  Active Voice: Students will perform the play.(विद्यार्थी प्ले अच्छी तरह से पेश करेंगे।)
   Passive Voice : The play would be performed by students.   
   (विद्यार्थियों द्वारा प्ले अच्छी तरह से पेश की जाएगी।)

4]  Active Voice : Shreya and Neha eat healthy food.( श्रेया और नेहा हेल्दी फ़ूड खाती है।)
    Passive Voice : Healthy food is eaten by Shreya and Neha.(श्रेया और नेहा द्वारा हेल्दी फ़ूड खाया जाता है।)


Active And Passive Voice in Hindi

                                         Active And Passive Voice in Hindi


Rules of Active and Passive Voice in Hindi

Rule 1] Active Voice से  Passive Voice में convert करते वक्त subject और object के स्थान बदलने पड़ते है। Passive Voice में Object से वाक्य की शुरुआत होती है।

I play football.

Football is played by me.

इस वाक्य में 'I' ये subject और 'football' ये object है। 


Rule 2] Passive Voice के वाक्यों में क्रिया के तीसरे रूप का यानि  Past Participle (Third Form of verb) का इस्तेमाल किया जाता है। जैसे - shown, written, eaten, driven, flown, kept, listened, played, thrown, presented, shown, sung etc.

For example-

eat my meal daily

My meal is eaten by me daily.


Rule 3] Change of Tense (कालपरिवर्तन) - Active Voice to Passive Voice 

जब भी कोई sentense active voice से  passive voice convert करना हो तो उसका टेंस चेंज नहीं करना पड़ता। नीचे के टेबल में आपको ऊपर के तीनों नियमों की पूरी जानकारी मिल जाएगी। 

Tense Active Voice Passive Voice
Simple Present Tense John rides a bicycle. A bicycle is ridden by John.
We play football every Sunday. Football is played by us every Sunday.
Simple Past Tense John rode a bicycle. A bicycle was ridden by John.
We played football on Sunday. Football was played by us on Sunday.
Simple Future Tense John will ride a bicycle. A bicycle will be ridden by John.
We will play football on Sunday. Football will be played by us on Sunday.
Present Continuous Tense John is riding a bicycle. A bicycle is being ridden by John.
We are playing football. Football is being played by us.
Past Continuous Tense John was riding a bicycle. A bicycle was being ridden by John.
We were playing football on Sunday. Football was being played by us on Sunday.
Present Perfect Tense John has ridden bicycle. A bicycle has been ridden by John.
We have played football on Sunday. Football has been played by us on Sunday.
Past Perfect Tense John had ridden a bicycle. A bicycle had been ridden by John.
We had played football on Sunday. Football had been played by us on Sunday.
Future Perfect Tense John will have ridden a bicycle. A bicycle will have been ridden by John.
We will have played football on Sunday. Football will have been played by us on Sunday.


इन tenses के वाक्यों को passive voice में generally convert नहीं किया जा सकता। 

1] Present Perfect Continous
2] Future Continuous
3] Future Perfect Continous
4] Past Perfect Continous


Rule 4] Change of subject Pronouns - Active Voice to Passive Voice 

कभी कभी वाक्य में कर्ता की जगह pronoun होता है जिसे subject pronoun बोलै जाता है। Active Voice से  Passive Voice में change करते वक्त subject pronoun का रूप बदलता है। नीचे का टेबल देखें। 



Pronoun in Active Voice Change of Pronoun in Passive Voice Examples
I Me Active Voice: I drive a car.
Passive Voice: A car is driven by me.
You You Active Voice: You drive a car.
Passive Voice: A car is driven by you.
He Him Active Voice: He drives a car.
Passive Voice: A car is driven by him.
She Her Active Voice: She drives a car.
Passive Voice: A car is driven by her.
It It Active Voice: It drives a car.
Passive Voice: A car is driven by it.
We Us Active Voice: We drive a car.
Passive Voice: A car is driven by us.
They Them Active Voice: They drive a car.
Passive Voice: A car is driven by them.


Some More Examples of 'Change the Voice' in hindi:

1] Active Voice: Suresh and Mahesh got a lot of money.

   Passive Voice: A lot of money was gotten by Suresh and        Mahesh.

2] Active Voice: He has tried many dresses.

   Passive Voice: Many dresses have been tried by him.

3] Active Voice: Teachers ordered students.

    Passive Voice: Students were ordered by teachers.

4] Active Voice: Ganesh and Varun will visit the famous temple.

  Passive Voice: The famous temple will be visited by Ganesh and Varun.

5] Active Voice: Animals are carrying food to their homes.

Passive Voice: Food is being carried by animals to their homes.

6] Active Voice: You had written a good essay.

Passive Voice: A good essay had been written by you.

7] Active Voice: Leaves of plants were making noise.

Passive Voice: Noise was being made by leaves of plants.

Final words on Active And Passive Voice in Hindi

Active Voice में subject को ज्यादा मह्त्व होता है और passive voice में object को मह्त्व दिया जाता है। Passive Voice में क्रिया का तीसरा रूप इस्तेमाल होता है। 

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