Past Perfect Tense in hindi with Definition, Rules and Examples

Past Perfect Tense in hindi : Past Tense के चार subtypes है। 

  1. Simple Past Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Tense के बारे में जानने के साथ साथ बाकि subtypes के बारे में भी जानना उतनाही जरूरी है।

भूतकाल में जो क्रिया पूरी हो चुकी है वो बताने के लिए Past Perfect Tense का इस्तेमाल किया जाता है।

उदाहरण :

  1. गाडी जा चुकी थी। – Car had gone.
  2. मेरी माँ आ चुकी थी। – My mother had arrived.
  3. स्कूल खुल चुकी थी।  – School had opened.

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Past Perfect Tense के लिए वाक्यरचना  (Structure of Sentence for Past Perfect Tense in hindi)

Subject + had + third form of verb + object

Past Perfect Tense में हमेशा verb का third form (Past Participle) ही इस्तेमाल किया जाता है। 

Past Perfect Tense in hindi

कुछ और उदाहरण देखेंगे। 

  1. मेरे मित्र पिकनिक पर चले गए थे। – My friends had gone for picnic.
  2. हमारी टीम खेल चुकी थी। – Our team had played.
  3. पापा ने मुझे सजा दी थी। – Father had punished me.
  4. फूल खिल चुके थे। – Flowers had blossomed.

इन सारे उदाहरण से ये बात पता चलती है की subject एकवचन में हो या बहुवचन में, हमेशा ‘had’ ही use होता है।  

ये तो सारे Affirmative Sentences है।  

Negative Sentence को Past Perfect Tense में लिखते वक़्त ‘had’ के साथ सिर्फ ‘not’ इस एक ही शब्द का उपयोग करना होता है। 

जैसे:

  1. Car had not gone.
  2. My mother had not arrived.
  3. School had not opened.
  4. My friends had gone for picnic.
  5. Our team had not played.

Interrogative Sentence में Past Perfect Tense कैसे use करें ?

उदाहरण:

  1. Had you given me a book?
  2. Had they completed their work?
  3. Had I done it well?
  4. Had the cat drunk all milk?
  5. Had he caught the mouse?

Sentence के बहुत सारे types है।

जैसे Affirmative Sentences, Negative Sentence, Interrogative Sentence, Imperative Sentence, Compound Sentence etc. इनके बारे में भी पढ़ें। 

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