Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences in hindi -  Types of Sentence Structure in hindi

Types of sentences के साथ साथ उतनाही important concept है Types of Sentence Structure . कुछ लोग वाक्य के प्रकार  और वाक्य संरचना से भ्रमित हो जाते है। लेकिन इस पोस्ट में हम वाक्य संरचना यानि Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences in hindi के बारे में विस्तार से जानेंगे। 


Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences in hindi

                                   Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences in hindi


संरचना के आधार पर वाक्य के ३ प्रकार होते है। 
There are 3 types of sentences in hindi on the basis of sentence structure.


1] Simple Sentence (सरल वाक्य)
2] Compound Sentence (मिश्र वाक्य)
3] Complex Sentence (संयुक्त वाक्य)

1] Simple Sentence (सरल वाक्य)

जिस वाक्य में एक ही subject और एक ही verb होता है उसे Simple Sentence (साधारण वाक्य) कहते है। ये वाक्य हमें कुछ सन्देश या जानकारी देते है। 
ये वाक्य हमेशा पूर्णविराम ( fullstop) से समाप्त होते हैं। 
इसके २ उपप्रकार है। 

 a] Affirmative Sentence ( विधिवाचक वाक्य)

इसे Positive Sentence भी कहा जाता है। इन वाक्यों की रचना ऐसी होती है -
Subjetc + verb + object

उदाहरण :
1] I like to do exercise daily.

2] You was in the hospital yesterday.

3] We will represent our school.

4] My parents scolded me.

5] Geeta and Julie will meet after 5 years.



b] Negative Sentence (निषेधवाचक वाक्य)

इन वाक्यों में 'no', 'not' या 'never' ऐसे शब्द होते है। इन वाक्यों की रचना ऐसी होती है -
Subjetc + verb + not + object

उदाहरण:
1] I donot like to do exercise daily.

2] You will never be in the hospital.

3] This will not allowed.

4] No chance for me.

5] Geeta and Julie will never meet again.

2] Compound Sentence (संयुक्त वाक्य)

इन वाक्यों में conjunctions का use होता है। 
List of Conjunctions: and, but, or, so, because, either...or, neither...nor, not only...but also etc.

उदाहरण:
1] I crafted a flower but my younger brother crafted a flag.

2] We attended the party and also were present for reception.

3] Be ready fast or your bus will be missed.

4] You have big aim so you need to work hard.

5] I learnt all the lessons because there is my exam tomorrow. 


3] Complex Sentence (मिश्र वाक्य)

इन वाक्यों में clauses का इस्तेमाल किया होता है। 
वाक्य का वो part जो दूसरे part पर depend रहता है उसे 'subordinate clause'कहते है बल्कि वाकय का वह part जो दूसरे part पर depend नही रहता उसे 'main clause' कहते है। 

उदाहरण:
1] I found my pen which was lost yesterday.

2] He donated the amount that he borrowed from moneylender.

3] The person, who is in the car, is my uncle.

4] Teachers distributed papers when students became silent.

5] My business is running good which is a sign of progress.

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