8 Parts of Speech Definition and Examples

All the words in English are classified into 8 groups which are called as parts of speech. That means there are total 8 parts of speech in English. These help us to analyze any sentence and well understand them.

8 Parts of Speech Definition

Below is the list of 8 Parts of Speech:

  1. Noun
  2. Pronoun
  3. Verb
  4. Adjective
  5. Adverb
  6. Conjunction
  7. Preposition
  8. Interjection

Let us explore all of these one by one.

1. Noun

It is nothing but a naming word. We use thousands of nouns every day.

A name given to any person, place, animal, bird or object is called as noun.

Examples : Maharashtra, India, state, river, doll, computer, girl, man, rocket etc.

The list is non-ending.

It can be of one word or combination of two words like John Monte, KK Market etc.

Noun is again having 5 sub-types:

  1. Common Noun
  2. Proper Noun
  3. Material Noun
  4. Collective Noun
  5. Abstract Noun

1. Common Noun

A general name given to any person, place, animal, bird, river, city etc is called Common Noun.

Some more examples:

state, country, woman, game, school, surname, society, doctor, employee etc.

2. Proper Noun

A particular name given to any person, place, animal, bird, river, city etc is called Proper Noun.

Examples:

Pune, Canada, Africa, Shirin, George, Nile, Times of India etc.

Proper noun always starts with a capital letter.

To read more about common noun and proper noun, click here.

3. Material Noun

Material Noun is the name of the material from which things are made.

Ex: Gold, Iron, Silver etc.

It is a material that can be measured or weighed but cannot be counted.

They are the ingredients which are used to make other objects.

All Material Nouns are physical or tangible substances.

These are all raw materials. Many of these materials are natural but some are also man-made. The sources of those who are natural are plants, animals or nature.

To read more about Material Nouns, click here.

4. Collective Noun

A name given to a collection of something is called Collective Noun. 

It can be a name of a collection of some objects such as books, keys, flowers, chairs etc or it can be a collection of living organisms such as humans, animals, birds etc.

Examples:

  • a group of dancers
  • a board of directors
  • a staff of employees

To read more about Collective Noun, click here

5. Abstract Noun

Things we cannot touch are called abstract nouns. examples : thoughts, happiness, bravery, honesty, beauty and so on.

We cannot use our senses to identify Abstract Noun. Meaning we cannot hear their voice with our ears, cannot smell them from the nose, the skin does not feel them, they cannot be tasted by the tongue, the eyes cannot see them.

Examples:

  • childhood
  • friendship
  • honesty
  • loyalty
  • poverty
  • happiness

To read more about Abstract Noun, click here.

2. Pronoun

The word that comes in place of a noun in a sentence is called pronoun.

Examples:

I, me, we, you, he, she, it, they, him, her, them,their, our etc.

There are 8 types of pronouns.

  1. Personal Pronoun 
  2. Possessive Pronoun
  3. Reflexive Pronoun 
  4. Relative Pronoun 
  5. Demonstrative Pronoun 
  6. Indefinite Pronoun 
  7. Interrogative Pronoun
  8. Distributive Pronoun

To read more about Pronouns and its types, click here.

3. Verb

It is nothing but an action expressed in a sentence.

Examples:

play, jump, was, does, keep, arrive, get, fly, take etc.

The verb may be Main verb or associative verb, it may be transitive or intransitive.

Action that means verb can be in any of the three tenses- present tense, past tense, future tense.

To read more about verbs and it’s all types along with a lot of examples click here.

4. Adjective

The word that gives more information about the name is called an adjective.

Examples:

tall building, clever girl, beautiful flower, sharp weapon, wide wall

Types of adjective are:

  1. Adjective of quality
  2. Adjective of quantity
  3. Adjective of number
  4. Demonstrative adjective
  5. Possessive adjective
  6. Distributive adjective

To read more about adjectives and it’s types, click here

5. Adverb

The word which gives extra information about verb is called adverb.

Examples of Adverbs  

  • Seeta plays well.
  • The car is travelling very fast.
  • She has studied hard.
  • I ate very little.
  • Festival will be celebrated tomorrow.

There are 5 subtypes of adverbs:

  1.  Adverb of manner
  2. Adverb of time
  3. Adverb of place
  4. Adverb of frequency
  5. Adverb of degree

To read more about Adverbs and it’s types, click here.

6. Conjunction

Conjunction is a word that joins two words, two sentences, two clauses or two phrases.

Their specialty is that they shorten the sentence without changing its meaning. It makes the particular sentence more simple.

Examples- and, but, or, so, because etc.

There are 3 types of conjunctions:

  1. Coordinating Conjunction
  2. Subordinating Conjunction
  3. Corelative Conjunction

To read more about Conjunction and it’s types, click here.

7. Preposition

Preposition is a word that shows a relationship between two nouns or two pronouns or between a noun and a pronoun.

This word is used before a noun or pronoun.

Examples of Prepositions are – on, under, above, near, far, with, without, for, of, off, downward, inside, outside etc.

There are 3 types of Prepositions:

  1. Preposition of Direction
  2. Preposition of Time
  3. Preposition of Place

To read more about Prepositions and it’s types, click here.

8. Interjection

This part of speech is used to express our feelings, emotions or thoughts.

An exclamation mark is used after interjection.

Examples of interjection are hurray!, Hey!, alas!, wow!, Bravo! etc.

Final words on 8 Parts of Speech definition

In this post ‘8 Parts of Speech Definition and Examples’ we learned about what is meant by parts of speech, what are their types as well as their examples. There are total 8 parts of speech in which all English words are grouped. They are-

  1. Noun
  2. Pronoun
  3. Verb
  4. Adjective
  5. Adverb
  6. Conjunction
  7. Preposition
  8. Interjection

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